Astronomy was practiced by all seven ancient civilizations, and it helped them understand the Universe better. Many historical artifacts and landmarks were actually astronomical devices used for observation and mapping. Soon, astronomers started forming more scientific theories and mathematical illustrations of astronomical phenomena. This can be considered the beginnings of astrophysics. Astronomy was particularly important to the Babylonians, the Ancient Greeks, and then flourished widely in the Golden Age of Islam.
It seems we can’t find what you’re looking for. Perhaps searching can help.