How Do Cosmic Rays Affect Our World?

Cosmic rays are high-energy naturally occurring particles from outside the earth. These particles originate from outer space (space), from the sun, and from other bodies in our solar system. They are believed to originate from an assortment of supernovae explosions, black holes, and high-energy gamma-ray bursts.

Cosmic rays are thought to be produced by the breakdown of a white dwarf companion, which is a gas cloud that has become too dense to remain molten. 

The companion collapse creates shock waves, which are in turn made even stronger by the collision with another planet or moon. These shocks cause the creation of high energy particles that are picked up by telescopes on earth. These particles are picked up by the detectors, and their location and speed can then be measured in relation to the source of the burst.

There are many theories about the composition of cosmic rays and their origins. 

Some scientists believe that they are particles produced in explosions, collisions, and colliding solar systems. According to this theory, cosmic rays travel through outer space and enter our atmosphere. When this happens, the speed of the particles travels through our atmosphere. This movement slows as it gets closer to the earth’s atmosphere, which gives scientists information on its composition.

Another idea about their composition comes from studies of the distribution of high energy radiation in our magnetic field. 

If cosmic rays could leave our atmosphere and enter our magnetism, they would follow the electric field lines in our magnetic field. They would be left behind as magnetic fields constantly fluctuate, which would result in changes in the composition of high energy radiation coming from distant heavenly bodies. If this theory is correct, then the distribution of cosmic rays follows the same trend as the distribution of high energy radiation.

How do cosmic rays get here? 

When cosmic rays come into contact with high-energy particles, they become slowed down. The slowed down cosmic rays then slow down the moving high-energy particles, which then enter our atmosphere. One suggestion about the way cosmic rays enter our atmosphere came from a 2021 study by the University of Reading in the United Kingdom. The research found that cosmic rays come into contact with high-energy ions (which have an extremely high charge), which then slow down the particles as they enter our atmosphere.

The research was done using apparatus known as particle accelerators. 

Basically, a particle accelerator is a set of magnets which produce magnetic force, which is used to push particles into another medium. Particles of different atomic and subatomic particles travel faster than the speed of light in some instances, which is why particle accelerators are used. By placing these particle accelerators near space launches, high-speed particles from space can be accelerated, which can create ionized clouds and plasma structures.

U.S. The National Science Foundation released a report confirming that there is a connection between the slowdown of the cosmic rays and the weakening of the Earth’s magnetic fields. 

This weakening, or “precession,” can also cause the breakup of the planets. The study did not directly connect the two, but instead looked at data from space which showed a decrease in the abundance of high-speed electrons in spiral galaxy clusters, which are believed to be the result of a mutual relationship. The study also saw a decrease in the abundance of high-speed photons in gamma rays. The researchers believe that the gamma rays are coming from very similar high-energy electrons in the spiral clusters.

In addition to studying the connection between the cosmic rays and our planet’s magnetic fields, there is evidence that our sun is also correlated with these very fast subatomic particles. Cosmic rays exert their energy on the earth and they can disrupt the earth’s internal structure. The sun emits strong UV (ultraviolet) rays as well as infrared and radio waves. All these energies are produced by the core/shell of the earth.

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