In astronomy, gamma rays are highly energetic explosions which have recently been seen from distant celestial bodies. They are by far the most powerful and brightest electromagnetic events known to take place in the universe. Gamma ray optics – the bursts can last from a few hours to a few minutes. There is no way to predict when they will occur or what part of the galaxy they might erupt. For this reason astronomers like G. Walckley and R. Murphy have developed sophisticated instruments to detect these bursts, and the data is helping astronomers to refine predictions of future eruptions.

These gamma-ray bursts originate from supernovae explosions. 

Photo by Viktor Forgacs

When a supernova explodes a massive amount of nuclear fuel is released. It can last from a few seconds to a few days. After the explosion, matter spirals down into the center of the super cloud. The debris from the super cloud is what gives off gamma rays.

These gamma-ray bursts are very exciting. Because it means there is a new class of phenomena which had not been seen before. This class is called the GRB per Day, or Great Rift basin Galaxy Burst. No one knows exactly how these explosions happen. But studies have shown that they are caused by collisions between dust molecules. Another study indicates that a super vortex may be at fault for the outburst.

These gamma-ray bursts come in two types, with long wavelengths (GRB) and short wavelengths (GRBS). 

Long wavelengths are much further away from the Earth and are therefore more difficult to see with the naked eye. Scientists have measured the wavelengths of long gamma bursts in a sample of plasma using space telescopes. The survey found that the majority of bursts had a common signature of extremely high velocities, which is indicative of a jet stream of charged particles.

Long gamma rays are emitted from very high-velocity cloud particles that are very hot. 

The particles travel from the cloud to the inner atmosphere of the planet very quickly, reaching speeds of over 9 miles per second. When this happens, the shock waves from the shockwave collide with nearby warm gas and create the gamma rays. When GRBS gamma ray bursts occur, they are even hotter, traveling at speeds as fast as Mach 5.

Although many scientists believe that GRB may be linked to the development of black holes, there has not been enough evidence to support this conclusion. 

If there was a connection between the two, however, it would mean that the number of gamma rays coming from black holes is much lower than originally thought. There is also much less research on the connection between GRBS and gamma rays, so there is really no way to say if there is a connection between the two.

What we do know is that the bursts release energy in the form of high-energy gamma rays that can travel very fast – much faster than the speed of light. Because of this, the shock waves created during these massive explosions are able to penetrate the Earth’s crust.

There is also another aspect of these explosions that makes them unique. 

They involve an extremely high amount of energy. The energies, compared to those released by other supernovae, are much larger. This makes these bursts appear to come from further away, as well as from very close proximity. As noted above, astronomers use a variety of telescopes to study the explosions, and they are able to detect the flashes coming from very far away. Scientists believe that the flashes may be caused by neutrons, which are constantly produced by black holes.

There have been a number of instances when GRBS was the cause of a minor accident near a gamma-ray burst. 

One of the scientists involved in studying these explosions, John Wright, was traveling through a wormhole when he happened to come into contact with one of these fast-moving neutrons. The resulting explosion knocked him unconscious for a couple of days, although he was eventually able to get home.

It is unclear whether this actually occurred in a wormhole or if it was one of the cases where someone happened to be passing by when the burst occurred. There are many more theories regarding how GRBS is responsible for the creation of various celestial objects.

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