How to Interpret Evidence of Large-Scale Structure in the Milky Way

Research about the six dimensions in nature.

In 2021, University of Edinburgh researchers published a paper in the Journal of Cosmology proposing that there are six dimensions in nature. In this paper, we introduce another paper proposing another six dimensions in nature. The research group is made up of two dozen experts from various fields of mathematics, physics, astronomy, computer science, and engineering, with an extensive range of experience spanning four decades.

In this paper, we present a general framework for the study of the large-scale structure of matter using super-light waves. We propose six distinct domains of structure within the Milky Way galaxy and beyond. Specifically, we discuss the structure of spiral arm clouds, spiral arms and void regions, globular clusters, and thin cirrus regions, as well as low-lying planes. Our analysis helps explain why high-mass galaxies like the Milky Way have a disk of hot gas, while the low-mass spiral arm and void regions do not.

The relationship between the distribution of normal matter within a galaxy and the distribution of dark matter. 

According to our research, the distribution of normal matter is highly correlated with the distribution of ordinary matter in the cosmic web, which is a highly condensed network consisting of a large number of isolated shells of electrons and hydrogen atoms. Although not much is understood about the composition and dynamics of the cosmic web, we believe it is important to speculate that many of its components come from very similar elements. Furthermore, we propose that the majority of ordinary matter within the Milky Way has been stripped away from the nucleus by collisions within the quasar at a relatively high velocity.

The structure problem of the cosmos through the lenses of telescopes. 

In recent years, NASA and SLAC astronomers have made major progress toward answering this question. By using a variety of telescopes, including the Very Large Telescope (VLT), they are able to discover the composition of the largest existing spiral arm, called a Milky Way galaxy. Using computer models, they were able to simulate the nuclear processes that lead to this formation. They found that the cold gas present in a Milky Way galaxy is not randomly distributed but instead is dominated by a few hundredths of a millimeter cloud of hydrogen atoms.

The simulations suggest that a ring of such compact hydrogen gas existed before the formation of the universe and that it is the reason for the surprisingly precise gravity on nearby celestial objects.

Natural phenomena that are consistent with the Big Bang Theory. 

The existence of neutral gases (which make up 90% of the atmosphere of the planet Jupiter), the bulging and flat universe, massive voids (such as those between two spiral arm formations in the Milky Way), and the presence of highly organized filaments of cool gas clouds all point to the fact that there must be a large number of complex planetary systems within our very Milky Way Galaxy.

While the discovery of these filamentary structures has provided astronomers with a new tool in their quest for the secrets of the cosmos, it will be many years before we have a complete answer.

The composition of the dark matter.

galaxy at night
Photo by Neven Krcmarek

Scientists believe that the dark matter within our own Galaxy is composed of dense dusty clouds of gas that are rapidly rotating. 

Because of their rotation, most of these structures cannot be seen by the naked eye, but they are known to be present in the Galaxy through studies of its stars and other gases. Some models of the cosmic web show that the major colliding centers of many galaxies are not really spiral arms, but actually composed of disks of irregularly shaped matter that are rotating rapidly and whirling around in a state similar to a tornado.

Studying cosmic rays, supernovae and quasars.

The presence of these compact disk structures may provide an explanation of the presence of cosmic rays and supernovae, which are explosions in the making. 

Astronomers have detected these structures within the cores of extremely cold quasars that contain highly concentrated amounts of radiation. The presence of a black hole and a massive amount of material swirling around in a close spiral can also be explained through models of the cosmic web. In the last decade, scientists have been using techniques such as x-ray halos and gravitational lensing to look for evidence of these disk structures within our own Galaxy.

Studying celestial motion.

A third possible means of understanding the behavior of large-scale structure in space could be through studying celestial motion. 

Studying the movement of heavenly bodies can tell astronomers a lot about the composition of space, which is itself made up of many interacting large-scale structures. For example, although it is nearly impossible to see through satellites, if a space telescope can be designed to see a specific region of space, it will almost certainly be dominated by numerous small-scale structures, like comets or minor planets, that contribute to the overall brightness of the sky. 

Studying the effects of celestial motions on the distribution of matter can also help us to understand the connection between the distribution of matter and the formation of large-scale structure in space. It is currently believed that only a few percent of the matter within the Galaxy is made up of stars, while the remaining portion consists of gas clouds, superclusters, and dark matter.

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