Origin of Cosmic Rays – How Did They Get Here?

The Origin of Cosmic Rays seeks to answer many questions that arise from observations of the cosmos. 

The science behind the origins of cosmic rays is complex. It was believed by some scientists that it originated from a super giant particle colliding with our own galaxy. These collisions left behind tell tale signs of other celestial bodies. Over the years, more evidence has been gathered to suggest the contrary and this led some scientists to the conclusion that the origin of cosmic rays came from smaller compact rocky space debris that became magnetized.

How did these small space particles become accelerated? Was there an explosion of planet formation or were there multiple collisions? 

Studying the distribution of these charged particles in space is complicated, but with the help of special tools it is possible to study the effects of massive charged particles at different temperatures in space. Studying the distribution of these charged particles in space helped scientists to identify the effects of the origin of cosmic rays and the accelerating of the material as they travel through space.

The source of Cosmic Rays looks to be associated with the accelerating clouds of gas and dust that can be found around galaxies. 

This cloud is made up of dust particles that are quickly rotating and accelerating. The properties of the gas allow for large gaps to form between the molecules. The electrons of the surrounding region move faster than the speed of light in this region. The study of the properties of these clouds and the source of cosmic rays could be used to determine if the distribution of these charged particles and their speed is caused by collisions between gas molecules.

Studying the distribution of these charged particles can also help scientists determine the properties of high energy gamma-ray bursts. 

There is one particular example of a gamma-ray burst that has been linked to the study of the distribution of cosmic rays and their speeds. This occurred in Geminis in 2021. This gamma-ray burst was linked to merging regions of cold gas and very high magnetic fields. By studying the properties of the gamma rays emitted after this event, scientists were able to pinpoint the location of the area where the gamma-ray burst originated.

It is possible that high energy cosmic rays have been produced by colliding solar or wind-borne particles. 

The evidence shows that there are high levels of neutral ions that travel through our planet’s atmosphere. One of the ways that these neutral ions escape into space is through interaction with other particles. These collisions with other molecules produce neutralized gases, which eventually ionize and become a part of the Earth’s atmosphere.

The study of the effects of these neutralized gases on the earth can be traced back to observing the distribution of neutral protons between different space bodies. 

When these protons interact with other atoms they create a short chain reaction that produces gamma rays. The last component in this chain is the rare decay of an element called a neutrino. When these neutrino decays, it gives off its own energy in the form of gamma rays. The study is not done to learn about the distribution of matter in space, but rather to learn more about the effects of these neutrinos on the earth. Knowing the amount of neutral particles that exist in our space system gives scientists a record of the primordial radiation that came from the early universe.

The study of the origin of cosmic rays can be traced back to an American scientist named Norman R. Anderson. 

He measured the intensity of electromagnetic radiation emitted from the nuclei of a few different types of bacteria. The results of his study showed that the energy output from these different bacteria was significantly different. It was then discovered that these differences resulted from the difference in their nuclei’s structure.

After studying the data, Anderson was able to conclude that these differences were caused by the different constructional elements of the bacteria. 

In addition to this study, another group of scientists by the name of Jay Gertson proved that the strength of the magnetic field is proportional to the accelerating speed of charged particles like protons and neutrons. It therefore stands to reason that if the accelerator used to measure the acceleration of cosmic rays in the galaxy is strong enough to give rise to such a powerful magnetic field, then it must also be strong enough to account for the accelerated motion that we see around other planets in our solar system. By studying more deeply into the study of the origins of the universe through cosmic ray, we may learn more about our place in it and what our role in making the world tick are.

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